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Japanese Judo Terms

Ai-yotsu Same grip used by both persons, either right or left
Ashi Foot, leg
Ashi Waza Foot techniques
Atemi Waza Striking techniques
Ayumi Ashi Ordinary pattern of walking
Batsugun Instant promotion
Budo Martial ways
Bujutsu Martial arts
Bushido Way of the warrior
Chui Penalty (no longer used)
Dan Black belt rank
Debana Instant of opportunity to break balance as opponent initiates a motion
Dojo School or training hall for studying the way
Eri Collar, lapel
Fudoshin Immovable spirit
Fusegi Escapes
Fusen Gachi Win by default
Goshin Jutsu Art of self defense
Hajime Begin
Hando no Kuzushi Unbalancing by reaction
Hansoku-make Most serious penalty, disqualification
Hantei Referee call for judge’s decision
Happo no Kuzushi Kuzushi in 8 directions
Hara Stomach
Hidari Left
Hiji Elbow
Hiki-wake No decision–tie or draw
Hikite Pulling hand — usually the hand gripping a sleeve
Hiza Knee
Ippon Victory in one move, one point
Jigotai Defensive posture
Jikan Referee call to stop the clock
Jita Kyoei Principle of mutual prosperity
Joseki Place of honor, upper seat
Judo Gentle or flexible way
Judo Ichidai A Judo life–Spending one’s life in the diligent pursuit of Judo
Judogi Judo practice uniform
Judoka One who studies Judo
Ju no Kata Forms of gentleness
Ju no Ri Principle of flexibility or yielding
Jujutsu Gentle art
Kaeshi Waza Counter techniques
Kake Completion or execution of technique
Kansetsu Waza Joint locking techniques
Kappo Resuscitation techniques
Kata Forms
Kata Shoulder
Katame no kata Forms of grappling
Katsu Resuscitation
Keikoku Penalty (no longer used)
Kenka Yotsu Opposite grips used by each person, one right/one left
Kiai To gather spirit with a shout
Kime no Kata Forms of decision
Kinshi Waza Techniques prohibited in competition
Ki o tsuke Attention
Kodansha High ranking judoka — 5th dan and above
Kodokan Judo institute in Tokyo where Judo was founded
Kogeki Seyo Order for judoka to attack
Koka Score less than a yuko
Koshi Hip
Koshi Waza Hip techniques
Kubi Neck
Kumikata Gripping methods
Kuzure Modified hold
Kuzushi Unbalancing the opponent
Kyoshi Instructor
Kyu Student rank
Maai Space or engagement distance
Mae Forward, front
Mae Sabaki Frontal escape
Mae Ukemi Falling forward
Masutemi Waza Back sacrifice throws
Mate Stop (wait)
Migi Right
Mudansha Students below black belt rank
Mune Chest
Nage Throw
Nage no Kata Forms of throwing
Nagekomi Repetitive throwing practice
Nage Waza Throwing techniques
Ne Waza Techniques on the ground
Obi Judo belt
Okuden Secret teachings
Osaekomi Pin, referee call to begin timing
Osaekomi Waza Pinning techniques
Osaekomi Toketa Escape, stop timing of hold
Randori Free practice
Randori no Kata Forms of free practice techniques
Randori Waza Techniques for free practice
Rei Bow
Reiho Forms of respect, manners, etiquette
Renraku Waza Combination techniques
Ritsurei Standing bow
Seika Tanden A point in the abdomen that is the center of gravity
Seiryoku Zenyo Principle of maximum efficiency
Seiza Formal kneeling posture
Sen Attack initiative
Sensei Teacher, instructor
Shiai Contest
Shiaijo Competition area
Shido Penalty, equal to koka score
Shihan Title for a model teacher or “teacher who sets the standard” (i.e. Kano-shihan)
Shime Waza Choking techniques
Shinpan Referee
Shintai Moving forwards, sideways & backwards
Shisei Posture
Shizentai Natural posture
Shomen Dojo front
Sode Sleeve
Soke Founder of a martial art or ryu
Sono Mama Stop action; command to freeze
Sore Made Finished, time is up
Sute Geiko Randori throwing practice against a higher level judoka
Sutemi Waza Sacrifice techniques
Tachi Waza Standing techniques
Tai Sabaki Body control, turning
Tatami Mat
Te Hand, arm
Te Waza Hand techniques
Tekubi Wrist
Tokui Waza Favorite or best technique
Tori Person performing a technique
Tsugi Ashi Walking by bringing one foot up to another
Tsukuri Entry into a technique, positioning
Tsurite Lifting hand
Uchikomi Repeated practice without completion
Ude Arm
Uke Person receiving the technique
Ukemi Breakfall techniques
Ushiro Backward, rear
Ushiro Sabaki Back movement control
Ushiro Ukemi Falling backward
Waki Armpit
Waza Technique
Waza Ari Near ippon or half point
Waza ari Awasete Ippon Two waza-ari together for ippon
Yakusoku Geiko (or renshu) Pre-arranged free practice
Yoko Side
Yoko Kaiten Ukemi Sideways rolling break fall
Yoko Sutemi Waza Side sacrifice throws
Yoko Ukemi Falling sideways
Yoshi Resume action, continue
Yubi Finger
Yudansha Person who earned the black belt
Yudanshakai Black belt association
Yuko Score less than a waza-ari
Yusei Gachi Win by judge’s decision
Zanshin Awareness
Zarei Kneeling salutation
Zenpo Kaiten Ukemi Forward rolling break fall
Zubon Pants


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